Picea jezoensis subsp. hondoensis at Cathays Cemetery

Picea jezoensis subsp. hondoensis 0

Picea jezoensis subsp. hondoensis
late August 2021

Picea jezoensis subsp. hondoensis 1

Picea jezoensis subsp. hondoensis
early October 2021

Grid reference ST 18017 78675
Common name Hondo spruce
Origin Japan
Deciduous No
Status Rather rare
Map section R
Height 15M August 2021
Girth 154cm@2M August 2021
Reference 739

This tree is on the west side of the cemetery, beside the path approximately 115M south of the Bishop's tomb.

The needles are stiff, 12mm long and are slightly pointed but blunt. They are arranged along the top of the shoot in two ranks and have two white bands on the underside. The individual needles are flat and do not roll between ones fingers.

In August 2021, the new cones were typically between 6cm and 8cm long and approximately 1.5cm in diameter.

Picea jezoensis subsp. hondoensis bark

Picea jezoensis subsp. hondoensis bark
mid August 2021

Picea jezoensis subsp. hondoensis foliage1

Picea jezoensis subsp. hondoensis foliage
mid August 2021

Picea jezoensis subsp. hondoensis cone1

Picea jezoensis subsp. hondoensis cones
mid August 2021

Picea jezoensis subsp. hondoensis cone2

Picea jezoensis subsp. hondoensis cones
mid August 2021

Picea jezoensis subsp. hondoensis cone3

Picea jezoensis subsp. hondoensis cones
mid August 2021

Picea jezoensis subsp. hondoensis flower1

Picea jezoensis subsp. hondoensis male flowers
mid August 2021

Picea jezoensis subsp. hondoensis leaf1

Picea jezoensis subsp. hondoensis leaves
mid August 2021

General tree description

Picea jezoensis subsp. hondoensis is a form of the Yezo spruce, Picea jezoensis, and differs from the species in its shorter leaves and cones. It can grow to around 30 metres tall, with a broadly conic shape and branches tending to be level. The bark is grey and deeply cracked into irregular plates, but less scaly than other spruces. The leaves (needles) are 8 to 15mm long, flattened and pointing forward on the upper side of the shoots. They are stiff and sharp, rich green in colour, with broad white bands beneath. Male flowers are crimson, becoming yellow as they shed pollen in mid May. Female flowers are bright red. The cones are cylindrical, around 5cm long with thin scales toothed at their margins.