Trees at Cathays Cemetery

Cathays Cemetery has a substantial tree collection, including some mature specimens probably planted in the 19th century. The Cemetery opened in 1859 and planting began in the early 1860s with purchases of Hawthorns to form boundaries, followed by Firs, Pines, Spruces, Yews and Red cedars. Subsequently native deciduous trees were added including Oaks, Beeches and Sycamores.[1] This is the present day southern half of the cemetery. Here there are Pines, Spruces, Yews, Evergreen oaks, Birches, Beeches, Ashes, Cypresses and Hollies, as well as Hawthorns, Magnolias, and ornamental Cherries and Crab apples. The main paths in the central part are lined with mature Austrian pines. Significant individual trees include the Cedar of Lebanon behind the chapels and the Harold Hillier lime at the Fairoak Road entrance. The southern-most section bordering Fairoak Road between the main (chapels) entrance and Cathays Library has much new planting from the 1990s.

The northern half, separated from the southern by Eastern Avenue, has a separate entrance off Allensbank Road and was developed during the early twentieth century. The tree collection here includes Hornbeams, Austrian pines, Redwoods, Beeches and some old Cherry trees.

The following notable trees are all in the southern part of Cathays Cemetery.

Name Common Name Origin Status Location   OS Grid Map ref Place Event
Abies nordmanniana Caucasian fir W. Caucasus, N Turkey   North east of chapels near railway line ST 18365 78840 L Cathays Cemetery  
Acer campestre Field maple Europe & West Asia   Beside the Fairoak Road boundary ST 18121 78434 U Cathays Cemetery  
Acer capillipes Red snake-bark maple Japan   South west of chapels ST 18110 78583 N Cathays Cemetery  
Acer rubrum 'Red Sunset'† Red maple Garden origin   Towards the south end ST 18118 78527 T Cathays Cemetery  
Alnus glutinosa 'Laciniata' Cut leaved alder Europe & North Africa   South end ST 18019 78383 Y Cathays Cemetery  
Amelanchier 'Ballerina Snowy mespilus Garden origin   South end ST 18053 78350 Y Cathays Cemetery  
Betula 'Fetisowii'† Central Asian hybrid birch Central Asia   South end, opposite Robert St. ST 18071 78353 Y Cathays Cemetery  
Betula papyrifera Paper bark birch North America   South end, level with Robert Street ST 18056 78355 Y Cathays Cemetery  
Betula spp Birch     Southern section ST 18085 78441 V Cathays Cemetery  
Calocedrus decurrens Incense cedar West N. America   Mid south ST 17976 78384 S Cathays Cemetery  
Catalpa bungei Duclouxii Group Chinese catalpa China Wales Champion 2020 Centre of southern section ST 18044 78486 W Cathays Cemetery  
Catalpa bungei Fargesii Group Farges' catalpa China Rare Glamorgan Champion 2018 Beside Fairoak Road railings ST 18076 78343 Y Cathays Cemetery  
Cedrus libani Cedar of Lebanon Asia Minor and Syria   Immediately behind the chapels ST 18243 78634 - Cathays Cemetery  
Cercidiphyllum japonicum Katsura; Japan   Towards the south end ST 18021 78456 W Cathays Cemetery  
Chamaecyparis lawsoniana Lawson cypress West USA   Immediately NE of chapels ST 18304 78656 L Cathays Cemetery  
Crataegus mollis #1 Red haw Central N. America Rare South end ST 18034 78358 Y Cathays Cemetery  
Crataegus mollis #2 Red haw Central N. America Rare South end ST 18041 78369 Y Cathays Cemetery  
Crataegus monogyna #1 Common hawthorn Europe   Approx. 100M NE of the chapels ST 18318 78677 L Cathays Cemetery  
Crataegus monogyna #2 Common hawthorn Europe   60M north east of chapels ST 18278 78697 L Cathays Cemetery  
Crataegus persimilis 'prunifolia' Cherry leaved hawthorn East north America   North east of chapels near railway line ST 18359 78812 L Cathays Cemetery  
Crataegus phaenopyrum Washington thorn South east USA Wales Champion 2020 Towards the south end ST 18107 78534 T Cathays Cemetery  
Cryptomeria japonica Japanese red cedar Japan   North east of chapels near railway line ST 18378 78791 L Cathays Cemetery  
Fagus sylvatica 'Asplenifolia' Fern-leaved beech Garden origin   145M west of the chapels ST 18105 78586 N Cathays Cemetery  
Fagus sylvatica 'Rotundifolia' Small-leaved beech Garden origin Rare To the west of the chapels ST 18136 78609 N Cathays Cemetery  
+Laburnocytisus adamii Adam's laburnum Garden origin Rare Centre of southern section ST 18054 78488 W Cathays Cemetery  
Liriodendron tulipifera Tulip tree East North America   100M north east of chapels ST 18294 78729 L Cathays Cemetery  
Magnolia x soulangeana Saucer magnolia Garden origin Glamorgan Champion 2020 100M north east of chapels ST 18288 78734 L Cathays Cemetery  
Nyssa sylvatica Tupelo East North America Rather rare Beside Fairoak Road railings ST 18132 78441 U Cathays Cemetery  
Paulownia fargesii Foxglove tree West China Very rare   ST 18006 78435 W Cathays Cemetery  
Picea omorika #1 Serbian spruce Serbia   Towards the south end ST 18082 78551 T Cathays Cemetery  
Picea omorika #2 Serbian spruce Serbia   North east of chapels near railway line ST 18359 78828 L Cathays Cemetery  
Picea pungens 'Glauca'† #1 Blue Colorado spruce West USA   North east of chapels near railway line ST 18362 78823 L Cathays Cemetery  
Picea pungens 'Glauca'† #2 Blue Colorado spruce West USA   North east of chapels near railway line ST 18360 78863 L Cathays Cemetery  
Pinus muricata Bishop pine California & NW Mexico   North west corner ST 17968 78919 A Cathays Cemetery  
Pinus nigra austriaca #1 Austrian pine Austria, Italy, Balkans   North west corner ST 18052 78848 C Cathays Cemetery  
Pinus nigra austriaca #2 Austrian pine Austria, Italy, Balkans Glamorgan Champion 2020 Central, NW of chapels ST 18093 78674 P Cathays Cemetery  
Pinus nigra subsp. salzmannii† Pyrenean pine Pyrenees, Iberia, N. Africa   South end near Library ST 17999 78333 S Cathays Cemetery  
Pinus pinaster Maritime pine Mediterranean region   Allensbank Rd, opposite Llanishen St. ST 17941 78768 R Cathays Cemetery  
Pinus sylvestris 'Aurea' Golden Scots pine Garden origin Rare Wales Champion 2020 Towards the south end ST 18071 78561 T Cathays Cemetery  
Pinus wallichiana Bhutan pine Himalayas   Towards the centre of the south section ST 18088 78570 T Cathays Cemetery  
Platanus orientalis 'Digitata' Oriental plane Garden origin   South end near Whitchurch Road boundary ST 18007 78292 S Cathays Cemetery  
Prunus cerasifera #1 Plum cherry Garden origin   South of the chapels ST 18084 78463 V Cathays Cemetery  
Prunus cerasifera #2 Plum cherry Garden origin   South of the chapels ST 18075 78464 V Cathays Cemetery  
Prunus 'Fudan-zakura' Cherry 'Fudan-zakura' Garden origin   Towards the south end ST 18107 78457 U Cathays Cemetery  
Prunus padus 'Watereri' Bird cherry Europe   Towards the south end ST 18136 78471 U Cathays Cemetery  
Prunus sargentii Sargent's cherry Japan & Korea   Towards the south end ST 18107 78460 U Cathays Cemetery  
Prunus spp #1 Cherry     Right of main entrance, Fairoak Road ST 18289 78629 - Cathays Cemetery  
Prunus 'Tai Haku' Great white cherry Garden origin   Against the Whitchurch Road boundary wall. ST 17979 78338 S Cathays Cemetery  
Pyrus calleryana 'Chanticleer' Callery pear Garden origin   South end, 20M from Library entrance ST 18039 78309 S Cathays Cemetery  
Quercus coccinea 'Splendens' Scarlet oak 'Splendens' Garden origin   South end near Whitchurch Road boundary ST 17986 78349 S Cathays Cemetery  
Quercus phellos Willow oak  East USA Rather rare South end ST 18044 78387 Y Cathays Cemetery  
Quercus robur Fastigiata Group Cypress oak Europe   Beside main path south from chapels ST 18193 58559 M Cathays Cemetery  
Quercus x schochiana #1 Schoch oak South east USA Rare Towards centre of south section ST 18050 78467 W Cathays Cemetery  
Quercus x schochiana #2 Schoch oak South east USA Rare At path junction between map sections W & S ST 18011 78474 W Cathays Cemetery  
Quercus x turneri 'Pseudoturneri' Turner's oak Garden origin   Southern section, near Fairoak Road ST 18179 78509 M Cathays Cemetery  
Sorbus x kewensis Kew hybrid rowan Garden origin   South end, opposite Robert St. ST 18070 78359 Y Cathays Cemetery  
Taxus baccata Yew Europe, W. Asia, N.Africa   Right of main entrance off Fairoak Road ST 18286 78611 - Cathays Cemetery  
Thuja occidentalis 'Sunkist' White cedar 'Sunkist' Garden origin   Centre tree of three by the Fairoak Road railings ST 18166 78482 M Cathays Cemetery  
Thuja plicata #1 Western red cedar West N. America   Beside curving path, section P north ST 18111 78762 P Cathays Cemetery  
Thuja plicata #2 Western red cedar West N. America   North east boundary near railway line ST 18383 78804 L Cathays Cemetery  
Thuja plicata 'Zebrina' Western red cedar 'Zebrina' Garden origin   West, towards Allensbank Road ST 17978 78539 R Cathays Cemetery  
Tilia 'Harold Hillier' Harold Hillier hybrid lime Garden origin Wales Champion 2020 Fairoak Road entrance, near Nonconformist chapel ST 18243 78595 M Cathays Cemetery  

The table above gives map references for the locations of these trees. The maps are available on the Cathays Cemetery history page and also as an Acrobat pdf.

Sources of information

  1. Cathays Cemetery Cardiff on its 150th aniversary, published by Friends of Cathays Cemetery [2009] ISBN 978 0 9562786 09