Crataegus mollis #2 at Cathays Cemetery

Crataegus mollis 0

Crataegus mollis unfortunately smothered by brambles etc.
late March 2021

Crataegus mollis 1

Crataegus mollis with Crataegus monogyna flowers
mid May 2021

Grid reference ST 18041 78369
Common name Red haw
Common name Scarlet thorn
Common name Downy hawthorn
Alternative name Crataegus coccinea var. mollis
Origin East North America
Deciduous Yes
Status Rare
Status Wales Champion 2021
Map section Y
Planted by Malcolm Frazer c.1995
Height 7M April 2021
Girth Inaccessible
Reference 662

This tree is at the south end, the more northerly of the two Crataegus mollis trees roughly in the centre of map section Y.

Its foliage seems to be of two different kinds and the reason is unclear. This also applies to the other C. mollis nearby. Both trees were purchased from the same supplier. They were probably grown via grafting and it is quite possible that Crataegus monogyna root stock was used. In support of this, one set of leaves and flower buds bear a good resemblance to C. monogyna.

The first leaves to appear in 2021 were those resembling C. monogyna. They were followed by the C. mollis flowers and leaves while the C.monogyna flowers were still in bud. By mid/late May the C. mollis flowers had dropped and the C. monogyna flowers prevailed.

The measured height given above is that of the composite tree with no reference as to whether the apex is C. mollis or C. monogyna.

The following table gives the approximate physical measurements of examined haws together with the number of pips found within them.

Diameter mm Length mm No. of pips
14.5 17 5

These are the characteristics of the Crataegus mollis fruit and were taken in late September 2021.

Crataegus mollis foliage1

Crataegus mollis C. monogyna new foliage
early April 2021

Crataegus mollis flower1

Crataegus mollis C. monogyna buds & flower
late April 2021

Crataegus mollis flower2

Crataegus mollis C. monogyna flower
late April 2021

Crataegus mollis flower3

Crataegus mollis flowers & leaves
late April 2021

Crataegus mollis flower4

Crataegus mollis flower
late April 2021

Crataegus mollis flower5

Crataegus mollis C. mollis flower has passed
mid May 2021

Crataegus mollis fruit1

Crataegus mollis C. mollis fruit
mid June 2021

Crataegus mollis fruit2

Crataegus mollis fruit
early July 2021

Crataegus mollis fruit3

Crataegus mollis fruit
late August 2021

Crataegus mollis fruit4

Crataegus mollis fruit
late August 2021

Crataegus mollis fruit5

Crataegus mollis fruit
late September 2021

Crataegus mollis fruit6

Crataegus mollis fruit
late September 2021

Crataegus mollis fruit7

Crataegus mollis C. monogyna fruit
late September 2021

Crataegus mollis tbud1

Crataegus mollis C. mollis terminal bud
mid November 2021

General tree description

Crataegus mollis is a small, wide-spreading tree up to 10 to 12 metres tall, with grey-brown scaly bark. Older stems may have thorns 2.5 to 5cm long. The leaves are big and broadly ovate - up to 12cm long and almost as wide. They are pointed and sharply toothed, with four to seven shallow lobes, and rounded or heart-shaped at the base. Both surfaces are downy. The flowers are white, 2.5cm across, and have about 20 stamens with pale yellow anthers. The fruits are red downy haws, up to 25mm long, containing four or five pips.