Trees at Bute Park

The land that became Bute Park was previously the private estate of the Marquises of Bute, who acquired Cardiff Castle and its grounds in the mid-18th century. The first Marquis employed Capability Brown to landscape the Castle Green, and it is possible that London plane trees, some of which still stand near the Blackfriars site, were planted at this time. The grounds were re-landscaped at the end of the 19th century by the Head Gardener to the third Marquis, Andrew Pettigrew, who planted the avenues of Limes and Pines seen in the present day park, as well as circular beds featuring Turkey oaks surrounded by ornamental shrubs.

After the Bute family gave the park to the City of Cardiff in 1947, many ornamental and rare trees were planted under the direction of William Nelmes senior, the Director of Parks at the time. Nelmes planted collections of Acer, Crataegus (Thorns), Birches, Elms and ornamental Apples, as well as other unusual species. In the late 1980s further extensive planting was initiated by the City's Arboricultural Officer, Malcolm Frazer, adding to the range of species and renewing some of the earlier plantings. Among the newer collections are Oak, Ash, Hornbeam, Lime and Alder.

Bute Park has now more champion trees than any other municipal park in Britain, and the Bute Park Arboretum contains over 3,000 individually catalogued specimens. The arboretum section of the Bute Park website has further details. The park also has a splendid avenue of Ginkgo bilobas leading from the Castle to the Mews.

There have been three tree numbering schemes in Bute Park. The most recent survey, carried out by Owen Johnson on behalf of the Tree Register, uses small aluminium disks upon which four-digit numbers are stamped. These numbers are in current use and are included in the table below. Previously some trees received orange plastic tags as part of a pre-lottery bid survey. Trees planted by Malcolm Frazer from 1988 onwards have a three-digit number engraved on a small plate to identify them. Where relevant these are listed as "Old tag" in the information about each tree.

Some additional trees, which may be further examples of the same species, can be found on a supplementary page.

The following table lists all current Great Britain and Ireland Champion trees, and some former champions. A few of the Wales Champions and some other notable trees are also included.

A location map has been provided to assist in finding the trees.

Name Common Name Origin Status Location   OS Grid Tag Place Event Waypoint
Acer acuminatum   West Himalaya Rare GB Champion 2013 Maple Lawn, south west edge ST 17536 77232 3060 Bute Park   359
Acer griseum Paperbark maple Eastern Asia   SW edge of the Camellia Garden ST 17608 76940 3140 Bute Park   469
Acer henyri Henry's maple Central China Rather rare Wales Champion 2013 Maple Lawn, east path ST 17572 77358 2859 Bute Park   356
Acer palmatum 'Shishigashira' 'Shishigashira' Japanese maple Garden origin Wales Champion 2016 Maple lawn, east ST 17561 77284 3045 Bute Park   456
Acer pictum Mono maple Japan, China, Korea Wales Champion 2013 Maple Lawn, south west corner ST 17542 77228 3061 Bute Park   358
Acer platanoides 'Dissectum' Cut-leaf Norway maple Europe, Caucasus Wales Champion 2013 Maple Lawn, south east ST 17549 77309 3038‡ Bute Park   368
Acer platanoides 'Rubrum' Red Norway maple Europe, Caucasus Wales Champion 2013 Maple Lawn, east ST 17549 77337 3018 Bute Park   355
Acer x dieckii Dieck's maple Garden origin   Maple Lawn, east path ST 17562 77303 3037 Bute Park   357
Aesculus x carnea 'Plantierensis' Plantieres chestnut Garden origin GB Champion 2013 North of castle ST 17974 76726 1694 Bute Park   452
Alnus acuminata subsp. acuminata Aliso Central America to Argentina GB Champion 2013 Alder group, SW edge ST 17609 77049 2447 Bute Park 653 499
Alnus fauriei Miyama alder Japan GB Champion 2013 Alder group ST 17625 77082 2498* Bute Park 484 362
Alnus hirsuta Manchurian alder North east Asia & Japan Rare Alder group, west ST 17620 77042 2457 Bute Park 478 489
Alnus maximowiczii Maximowiczi's alder Japan, Kamchatka, Korea Rare GB Champion 2013 Alder group, north ST17611 77101 2477 Bute Park   500
Araucaria angustifolia Parana pine Brazil & Argentina   North of playing fields ST 17202 77912   Bute Park   814
Araucaria araucana Monkey puzzle tree South America         Bute Park 2    
Betula ermanii Erman's birch North east Asia GB Champion 2015 Blackfriars, north west ST 17759 76709 2042 Bute Park   338
Carpinus betulus 'Columnaris' Common hornbeam 'Columnaris' Europe, Asia Minor GB Champion 2013 Blackweir woodland south, east edge ST 17437 77359 2895‡ Bute Park   372
Catalpa x erubescens 'J.C.Teas' Hybrid bean Garden origin Wales Champion 2013 Old Mans Wood west, north ST 17702 76799 2074 Bute Park   351
Cercidiphyllum japonicum 'Pendulum' Weeping katsura tree Japan & China Rare Wales Champion 2013 Near river bank, south of Millennium Bridge ST 17701 76696 3288 Bute Park 196 455
Chamaecyparis lawsoniana 'Smithii Aurea' Golden Lawson's cypress Garden origin   Blackweir woodland south ST 17561 77355 2949‡ Bute Park 2   815
Corylus colurna Turkish hazel SE Europe & SW Asia Wales Champion 2013 SW edge of the Camellia Garden ST 17607 76961 3136‡ Bute Park   487
Crataegus caucasica   Caucasus Very rare Wales Champion 2016 Hawthorn group, south ST 17606 77352 2757 Bute Park 360 473
Crataegus crus-galli Cockspur thorn NE North America Rather rare Wales Champion 2016 Hawthorn group, north ST 17582 77430 2716 Bute Park 374‡ 458
Crataegus douglasii Black hawthorn West North America Rare Wales Champion 2013 Hawthorn group, north ST 17567 77431 2715 Bute Park   472
Crataegus durobrivensis   North America Wales Champion 2016 Hawthorn group, mid ST 17597 77390 2739 Bute Park 505 467
Crataegus heldreichii   Balkans GB Champion 2013 Hawthorn group, south ST 17621 77351 2762 Bute Park 162 376
Crataegus laevigata 'Aurea' Midland hawthorn 'Aurea' North West & Central Europe   Hawthorn group, mid ST 17589 77393 2733 Bute Park 506‡ 437
Crataegus laevigata 'Masekii' #1 Midland hawthorn 'Masekii' North West & Central Europe Rare Hawthorn group, mid ST 17612 77382 2744 Bute Park 502 434
Crataegus laevigata 'Plena' Midland hawthorn 'Plena' North West & Central Europe Wales Champion 2016 Hawthorn group, north ST 17587 77401 2720 Bute Park 148 435
Crataegus laevigata 'Rosea' Midland hawthorn 'Rosea' North West & Central Europe Wales Champion 2016 Hawthorn group, north ST 17586 77390 2736 Bute Park 151 610
Crataegus meyeri Hawthorn Caucasus GB Champion 2016 Hawthorn group, south, near path ST 17612 77348 2760‡ Bute Park   442
Crataegus monogyna 'Pendula Rosea' Weeping pink thorn Europe, N. Africa, W. Asia GB Champion 2013 Hawthorn group, south ST 17619 77361 2754 Bute Park 160 377
Crataegus orientalis #1 Oriental thorn Asia Minor, Greece & Crimea Rather rare Wales Champion 2013 Hawthorn group, north ST 17600 77432 2711 Bute Park 144 398
Crataegus orientalis #2 Oriental thorn Asia Minor, Greece & Crimea Rather rare Hawthorn group, north ST 17580 77403 2723 Bute Park 253 438
Crataegus orientalis #3 Oriental thorn Asia Minor, Greece & Crimea Rather rare Hawthorn group, south ST 17627 77393 2742 Bute Park 503 471
Crataegus orientalis var sanguinea Oriental thorn Greece & Ukraine Rather rare Glamorgan Champion 2013 Hawthorn group, south ST 17637 77353 2767 Bute Park 163 396
Crataegus pedicellata Scarlet thorn North east North America   43M North of Millennium Bridge ST 17614 76848 3100‡ Bute Park   545
Crataegus pentagyna Hawthorn South east Europe Very rare Hawthorn group. south, near path ST17606 77357 2756 Bute Park   480
Crataegus phaenopyrum Washington thorn South east USA Wales Champion 2016 Hawthorn group, north ST 17596 77403 2725 Bute Park 252 446
Crataegus pinnatifida var. major Large-leaved thorn North China Rather rare Wales Champion 2016 Hawthorn group, north ST 17578 77411 2721 Bute Park 250 439
Crataegus punctata Spotted thorn East North America Wales Champion 2016 Hawthorn group, mid ST 17605 77389 2740 Bute Park 504 447
Crataegus spp #1 Hawthorn     Hawthorn group, mid ST 17609 77366   Bute Park   443
Crataegus spp #2 Hawthorn     Hawthorn group, north ST 17581 77445 2708 Bute Park 376 479
Crataegus tanacetifolia Tansy-leaved hawthorn South West Asia Rather rare Hawthorn group, south ST 17639 77377 2751 Bute Park 347 457
Crataegus x dippeliana Lee's hybrid thorn Garden origin Wales Champion 2013 Hawthorn group, north ST 17580 77437 2714 Bute Park   611
Crataegus x grignonensis #1 Grignon's thorn Garden origin Rather rare Wales Champion 2016 Hawthorn group, mid ST 17616 77375 2747 Bute Park 159 433
Crataegus x grignonensis #2 Grignon's thorn Garden origin   90M North of Millennium Bridge ST 17597 76895 3095‡ Bute Park   546
Crataegus x lavallei 'Carrierei' #1 Hybrid cockspur thorn Garden origin   Hawthorn group, north east end ST 17586 77445   Bute Park   485
Crataegus x lavallei 'Carrierei' #2 Hybrid cockspur thorn Garden origin Wales Champion 2016 Hawthorn group, north east end ST 17581 77419 2717 Bute Park   486
Crataegus x sinaica Azarola thorn Middle East GB Champion 2013 Hawthorn group, mid ST 17614 77397 2741 Bute Park 155 387
Cunninghamia lanceolata Chinese fir China & Vietnam Rather rare West side of the Camellia Garden ST 17614 76929 3920 Bute Park   808
Cupressus arizonica var. glabra Smooth Arizona cypress USA Glamorgan Champion 2013 North of Apple group ST 17759 77136 2557 Bute Park   794
Cupressus macrocarpa 'Donard Gold' Monterey cypress 'Donard Gold' USA Wales Champion 2015 Apple group ST 17774 77025 2375 Bute Park   335
Davidia involucrata var. vilmoriniana Pocket-handkerchief tree Central China Wales Champion 2013 Camellia Garden ST 17616 77003 3127‡ Bute Park   349
Fagus sylvatica Common beech Europe   Old Mans Wood south, west edge ST 17734 76758 2056 Bute Park   390
Fraxinus americana 'Autumn Purple' White ash Garden origin GB Champion 2016 Blackweir playing field, east edge ST 17546 77468 2683 Bute Park   481
Fraxinus excelsior 'Jaspidea'† Golden ash Europe & Caucasus   Southern woodland east, west by path ST 17836 76528 1788 Bute Park   342
Fraxinus oxycarpa 'Raywood' Raywood ash S. Europe & N. Africa   Blackweir playing field, east edge ST 17547 77452 2682‡ Bute Park   482
Ginkgo biloba Maidenhair tree China Glamorgan Champion 2015 Sunken Lawn, north east ST 17736 77084 2416 Bute Park   350
Ginkgo biloba Maidenhair tree China   Ginkgo avenue, running north from the castle ST 17995 76737   Bute Park    
Ilex aquifolium 'Crispa' Curled holly Garden origin Rare GB Champion 2013 Blackweir playing fields, north east ST 17412 77827 3888‡ Bute Park   796
Ilex aquifolium 'Flavescens' Moonlight holly Garden origin Wales Champion 2015 Blackweir woodland south, mid ST 17437 77359 2935 Bute Park   371
Ilex perado Madeira holly Madeira   Blackweir playing fields, north east ST 17446 77802 3890 Bute Park   797
Ilex x altaclerensis 'Nigrescens' #1 Highclere holly Garden origin GB Champion 2013 Southern woodland east, west by path junction ST 17828 76566 1804‡ Bute Park   341
Ilex x altaclerensis 'Nigrescens' #2 Highclere holly Garden origin GB Champion 2013 North west of Blackfriars site ST 17749 76742 2019‡ Bute Park   381
Juglans cinerea Butternut East North America Rather rare Wales Champion 2013 Coopers Field, north east of Blackfriars ST 17803 76777 2009 Bute Park   346
Juglans nigra Black walnut East North America Wales Champion 2015 Old Mans Wood east, towards north ST 17708 76863 3243‡ Bute Park   333
Larix kaempferi 'Pendula' Weeping Japanese larch Japan Rare Wales Champion 2013 Blackweir woodland north ST 17241 77892 3876‡ Bute Park   374
Magnolia campbellii Campbell's magnolia Himalaya & SW China   Apples group, east edge ST 17782 77013 2373 Bute Park   391
Magnolia kobus Kobushi Japan Rather rare In woodland east of Camellia Garden ST 17658 76916 2346 Bute Park   503
Magnolia tripetala #1 Umbrella tree East USA Rare Wales Champion 2015 Southern woodland east, near Castle ST 17929 76533 1637§ Bute Park   343
Magnolia tripetala #2 Umbrella tree East USA Rare Wales Champion 2016 Southern woodland east, near Castle ST 17899 76487 1751§ Bute Park   419
Malus baccata 'Jackii' Siberian crab 'Jackii' North east Asia Wales Champion 2017 Apple group, south ST 17745 77052 2394 Bute Park   526
Malus baccata 'Lutea' Siberian crab 'Lutea' North east Asia   Apple group, south ST 17772 77011 2372 Bute Park   525
Malus 'Butterball' Crab apple 'Butterball' North America GB Champion 2017 Apple group, south ST 17766 77029 2376 Bute Park   527
Malus 'Cheltenham' Cheltenham crab Garden origin GB Champion 2015 Apple group, south ST 17763 77021 2371 Bute Park   353
Malus 'Chilko' Chilko crab Canada GB Champion 2013 Apple group, east by canal ST 17816 77057 1952 Bute Park   378
Malus hupehensis Hupeh crab China   Apple group, mid by path ST 17780 77128 2429 Bute Park   454
Malus 'Red Sentinel' Red Sentinel crab Garden origin   Apple group south, by path ST 17797 77021 1959 Bute Park   541
Malus scheideckeri 'Excellenz Theil' Excellenz Theil crab Garden origin GB Champion 2015 Apple group, west edge ST 17762 77035 2382 Bute Park   379
Malus toringo #1 Siebold's crab Japan Rather rare Apple group, east, by footpath ST 17798 77056 1951 Bute Park   484
Malus toringo #2 Siebold's crab Japan Rather rare Apple group, east, by footpath ST 17804 77038 1956 Bute Park   563
Malus 'Van Eseltine'   Garden origin Wales Champion 2016 Apple group, east, by footpath ST 17803 77051 1952‡ Bute Park 106 429
Malus x moerlandsii 'Liset' Liset crab apple Garden origin   Apple group, mid ST 17770 77048 2381 Bute Park 381 506
Malus x purpurea Purple crab Garden origin   Apple group, mid ST 17777 77047 2380 Bute Park   507
Malus x purpurea 'Oporto' Oporto crab Garden origin GB Champion 2016 Apple group, mid ST 17777 77082 2409 Bute Park   366
Malus x robusta Cherry crab Garden origin   Apple group, south ST 17778 77057 2399 Bute Park   533
Malus x sublobata   Garden origin GB Champion 2013 Apple group, mid by path ST 17781 77115 2428 Bute Park   367
Mespilus germanica Medlar S.E. Europe to Central Asia   Hawthorn group, north ST 17580 77382 2735 Bute Park   445
Metasequoia glyptostroboides Dawn redwood Central China   Sunken Lawn, south ST 17752 76976 2310 Bute Park   224
Ostrya carpinifolia Hop hornbeam South east Europe Wales Champion 2013 Middle of Sorbus group ST 17676 77233 2617 Bute Park   505
Parrotia persica Persian ironwood Northern Iran, Caucaus   Southern woodland east ST 17909 76495 1738 Bute Park   544
Paulownia tomentosa Foxglove tree China GB Champion 2013 Old Mans Wood east ST 76852 17655 2196 Bute Park   332
Phellodendron chinense Chinese cork tree Central China Rare GB Champion 2013 Camellia Garden, north ST 17621 76973 3120‡ Bute Park   361
Pinus montezumae Montezuma pine Mexico Rare N. E. edge of Old Mans Wood ST 17754 76923 2306‡ Bute Park 420‡ 801
Pinus muricata Bishop pine California & NW Mexico   North west of Coopers Field ST 17968 78919 1991‡ Bute Park 406‡ 795
Pinus thunbergii Japanese black pine Japan & Korea   North west of Coopers Field ST 17744 76928 2275 Bute Park 165 799
Platanus x hispanica #3 London plane Garden origin   South east edge of Blackfriars site ST 17804 76667   Bute Park   828
Platanus x hispanica #5 London plane Garden origin   West edge of Blackfriars site ST 17776 76677   Bute Park   829
Podocarpus macrophyllus var. maki Kusamaki Chine & Japan Rare Wales Champion 2015 Old Mans Wood east, north edge ST 17705 76894 2302 Bute Park 231 375
Populus yunnanensis Yunnan poplar SW China Rare Wales Champion 2013 Southern woodland west, north by river ST 17734 76618 3259 Bute Park 441 340
Prunus 'Fudan-zakura' Cherry 'Fudan-zakura' Garden origin Rare Wales Champion 2018 Cherry group, south ST 17671 77077 2527 Bute Park   542
Prunus 'Hokusai' Cherry 'Hokusai' Garden origin Becoming rare Wales Champion 2013 Old Mans Wood east, east edge ST 17769 76835 2249 Bute Park   495
Prunus 'Ichiyo' Cherry 'Ichiyo' Garden origin GB Champion 2013 Cherry group, south ST 17695 77096 2533 Bute Park   555
Prunus padus 'Watereri' Waterer's bird cherry Europe   Southern Woodland East ST 17911 76498 1764 Bute Park   441
Prunus pendula 'Pendula Rubra' Weeping spring cherry Garden origin   Cherry group, north east ST 17716 77126 2550‡ Bute Park   556
Prunus 'Sunset Boulevard' Cherry 'Sunset Boulevard' Garden origin GB Champion 2013 Cherry group, south ST 17694 77084 2438‡ Bute Park 697 496
Prunus x fontanesiana   Southern Europe GB Champion 2013 Old Mans Wood west, north ST 17680 76789 2080 Bute Park 39 347
Prunus x yedoensis #1 Yoshino cherry Garden origin   Cherry group, south west ST 17633 77053   Bute Park   501
Prunus x yedoensis #2 Yoshino cherry Garden origin   Cherry group, north ST 17693 77139 2545‡ Bute Park   557
Prunus x yedoensis 'Perpendens' Weeping Yoshino cherry Garden origin Wales Champion 2013 Cherry group, south west ST 17625 77048 2444 Bute Park   502
Pterocarya fraxinifolia Caucasian wingnut Caucasus Wales Champion 2015 Coopers Field, north east by canal ST 17874 76881 1911 Bute Park   345
Pterocarya x rehderiana Hybrid wingnut Garden origin GB Champion 2013 Millenium Bridge ST 17635 76794 3337 Bute Park   339
Quercus agrifolia Coast live oak California & N.W. Mexico Rare Old Mans Wood, north ST 17714 76832 2209‡ Bute Park   543
Quercus cerris #1 Turkey oak S. Europe & Asia Minor   North end Coopers Field ST 17810 76949   Bute Park   417
Quercus cerris #2 Turkey oak S. Europe & Asia Minor   South edge of sunken lawn ST 17698 76947 2327 Bute Park   494
Quercus cerris 'Marmor star' Marmor Star Turkey oak Garden origin GB Champion 2013 Apple group, south, by canal ST 17825 76992 1971 Bute Park 108 348
Quercus durifolia Durango Emory oak Mexico GB Champion 2013 Maple Lawn, centre ST 17504 77319 2987‡ Bute Park 318 369
Quercus laurifolia Laurel oak East USA Rare Wales Champion 2013 Blackweir woodland south ST 17440 77380 2932‡ Bute Park   617
Quercus robur 'Salicifolia' Willow-leaf English oak Garden origin GB Champion 2013 Camellia Garden, east ST 17637 76946 3926‡ Bute Park   360
Quercus serrata Bao li China, Japan, Korea Rare Wales Champion 2013 Blackweir woodland south, mid ST 17345 77488 3406 Bute Park   564
Quercus velutina Black oak East USA Rather rare Blackweir woodland south, mid ST 17408 77370 2923‡ Bute Park   537
Sequoiadendron giganteum Wellingtonia California   Blackweir woodland north ST 17194 77913 3815 Bute Park   461
Sorbus alnifolia Alder-leaved whitebeam East Asia Glamorgan Champion 2015 Sorbus group ST 17678 77260 2625 Bute Park 267 385
Sorbus aucuparia 'Cardinal Royal' Cardinal Royal mountain ash Europe, West Asia GB Champion 2013 Sorbus group, east by path ST 17693 77256 2623 Bute Park 55 386
Sorbus torminalis Wild service tree Europe, Asia Minor & North Africa Glamorgan Champion 2016 Small lawn NE of walled garden ST 17606 77322 2675 Bute Park   453
Sorbus 'Wilfrid Fox' Wilfrid Fox whitebeam Garden origin Wales Champion 2015 Blackweir woodland south, mid ST 17430 77379 2930 Bute Park   370
Tilia maximowicziana Maximowiczi's lime North Japan Wales Champion 2013 Mews woodland, west, by canal ST 17940 76786 1616‡ Bute Park   382
Tilia platyphyllos 'Laciniata' Cut-leaved lime Garden origin Rather rare Wales Champion 2015 Southern woodland east by Castle ST 17963 76533 1722 Bute Park   344
Tilia tomentosa 'Chelsea Sentinel' Chinese sentinel lime Garden origin GB Champion 2013 Old Mans Wood east, north ST 17723 76888 2262 Bute Park 40 380
Ulmus 'Lobel' Lobel elm Research origin Wales Champion 2013 Sunken Lawn, south ST 17740 76957 2312 Bute Park 349 336
Ulmus pumila 'Aurescens' Golden Siberian elm North Asia Only four known in GB GB Champion 2013 Coopers Field, east by canal ST 17890 76851 1907‡ Bute Park   352
Wollemia nobilis Wollemi pine Australia (NS Wales)   North of the Blackweir Woodland ST 17234 77810   Bute Park   578

The history of Bute Park