Trees at Bute Park

The land that became Bute Park was previously the private estate of the Marquises of Bute. The first collection of trees was planted by Andrew Pettigrew, Head Gardener to the third Marquis, and included big avenues of Limes and Pines. After the Bute family gave the park to the City of Cardiff in 1947, many ornamental and rare trees were planted under the direction of William Nelmes senior, the Director of Parks at the time. Nelmes planted collections of Acer, Crataegus (Thorns), Birches, Elms and ornamental Apples, as well as other unusual species. In the late 1980s further extensive planting was initiated by the City's Arboricultural Officer, Malcolm Frazer, adding to the range of species and renewing some of the earlier plantings. Among the newer collections are Oak, Ash, Hornbeam, Lime and Alder.

Bute Park has now more champion trees than any other municipal park in Britain, and the Bute Park Arboretum contains over 3,000 individually catalogued specimens. The arboretum section of the Bute Park website has further details. The park also has a splendid avenue of Ginkgo bilobas leading from the Castle to the Mews.

There have been three tree numbering schemes in Bute Park. The most recent survey, carried out by Owen Johnson on behalf of the Tree Register, uses small aluminium disks upon which four-digit numbers are stamped. These numbers are in current use and are included in the table below. Previously some trees received orange plastic tags as part of a pre-lottery bid survey. Trees planted by Malcolm Frazer from 1988 onwards have a three-digit number engraved on a small plate to identify them. Where relevant these are listed as "Old tag" in the information about each tree.

The following table lists all current Great Britain and Ireland Champion trees, and some former champions. A few of the Wales Champions and some other notable trees are also included.

A location map has been provided to assist in finding the trees.


Name Common Name Origin Status Location   OS Grid Tag Place Event
Acer acuminatum   West Himalaya Rare Wales Champion 2013 Maple Lawn, south west edge ST 17536 77232 3060 Bute Park  
Acer griseum Paperbark maple Eastern Asia   SW edge of the Camellia Garden ST 17608 76940 3140 Bute Park  
Acer henyri Henry's maple Central China Rather rare Wales Champion 2013 Maple Lawn, east path ST 17572 77358 2859 Bute Park  
Acer japonicum 'Aconitifolium' Fernleaf fullmoon maple Japan Rare GB Champion 2013 Camellia Garden, east ST 17628 76944 3114‡ Bute Park  
Acer palmatum 'Shishigashira' 'Shishigashira' Japanese maple Garden origin Wales Champion 2004 Maple lawn, east ST 17561 77284 3045 Bute Park  
Acer pictum Mono maple Japan, China, Korea Wales Champion 2013 Maple Lawn, south west corner ST 17542 77228 3061 Bute Park  
Acer platanoides 'Dissectum' Cut-leaf Norway maple Europe, Caucasus Wales Champion 2013 Maple Lawn, south east ST 17549 77309 3038‡ Bute Park  
Acer platanoides 'Rubrum' Red Norway maple Europe, Caucasus Wales Champion 2013 Maple Lawn, east ST 17549 77337 3018 Bute Park  
Acer tataricum Tartar maple SE Europe, SW Asia Rather rare GB Champion 2013 Maple Lawn, centre ST 17526 77313 3027‡ Bute Park  
Acer x dieckii Dieck's maple Garden origin Glamorgan Champion 2013 Maple Lawn, east path ST 17562 77303 3037 Bute Park  
Aesculus x carnea 'Plantierensis'† Plantieres chestnut Garden origin   North of castle ST 17974 76726 1694 Bute Park  
Alnus acuminata subsp. acuminata Aliso Central America to Argentina GB Champion 2013 Alder group, SW edge ST 17609 77049 2447 Bute Park 653
Alnus fauriei Miyama alder Japan GB Champion 2013 Alder group ST 17625 77082 2498* Bute Park 484
Alnus hirsuta Manchurian alder North east Asia & Japan Rare Alder group, west ST 17620 77042 2457 Bute Park 478
Alnus incana 'Aurea' Golden grey alder Europe, Caucasus Mountains Wales Champion 2013 Alder group, north ST 17610 77097 2476 Bute Park 19
Alnus maximowiczii Maximowiczi's alder Japan, Kamchatka, Korea Rare GB Champion 2013 Alder group, north ST17611 77101 2477 Bute Park  
Alnus rhombifolia White alder West North America GB Champion 2013 Alder group, south ST 17618 77066 2466‡ Bute Park 485
Betula ermanii Erman's birch North east Asia GB Champion 2015 Blackfriars, north west ST 17759 76709 2042 Bute Park  
Betula 'Fetisowii' Central Asian hybrid birch Central Asia GB Champion 2015 Blackfriars, north west ST 17769 76749 2118 Bute Park  
Carpinus betulus 'Columnaris' Common hornbeam 'Columnaris' Europe, Asia Minor GB Champion 2013 Blackweir woodland south, east edge ST 17437 77359 2895‡ Bute Park  
Catalpa x erubescens 'J.C.Teas' Hybrid bean Garden origin Wales Champion 2013 Old Mans Wood west, north ST 17702 76799 2074 Bute Park  
Cercidiphyllum japonicum 'Pendulum' Weeping katsura tree Japan & China Rare Wales Champion 2013 Near river bank, south of Millennium Bridge ST 17701 76696 3288 Bute Park 196
Corylus colurna Turkish hazel SE Europe & SW Asia   SW edge of the Camellia Garden ST 17607 76961 3136‡ Bute Park  
Crataegus caucasica   Caucasus Very rare Wales Champion 2016 Hawthorn group, south ST 17606 77352 2757‡ Bute Park 360
Crataegus crus-galli Cockspur thorn NE North America Rather rare Hawthorn group, north ST 17582 77430 2716‡ Bute Park  
Crataegus douglasii Black hawthorn West North America Rare Wales Champion 2013 Hawthorn group, north ST 17567 77431 2715 Bute Park  
Crataegus durobrivensis   North America   Hawthorn group, mid ST 17597 77390 2739 Bute Park 505
Crataegus heldreichii   Balkans GB Champion 2013 Hawthorn group, south ST 17621 77351 2762 Bute Park 162
Crataegus laevigata 'Aurea' Midland hawthorn 'Aurea' North West & Central Europe   Hawthorn group, mid ST 17589 77393 2733‡ Bute Park  
Crataegus laevigata 'Masekii' Midland hawthorn 'Masekii' North West & Central Europe Rare Hawthorn group, mid ST 17612 77382 2744 Bute Park 502
Crataegus laevigata 'Masekii' Midland hawthorn 'Masekii' North West & Central Europe Rare Wales Champion 2005 Hawthorn group, north ST 17585 77398 2724 Bute Park  
Crataegus laevigata 'Plena' Midland hawthorn 'Plena' North West & Central Europe Wales Champion 2005 Hawthorn group, north ST 17587 77401 2720‡ Bute Park 148
Crataegus laevigata 'Rosea' Midland hawthorn 'Rosea' North West & Central Europe Wales Champion 2005 Hawthorn group, north ST 17589 77387 2736 Bute Park 151
Crataegus meyeri Hawthorn Caucasus Glamorgan Champion 2005 Hawthorn group, south, near path ST 17612 77348   Bute Park  
Crataegus monogyna 'Pendula Rosea' Weeping pink thorn Europe, N. Africa, W. Asia GB Champion 2013 Hawthorn group, south ST 17619 77361 2754 Bute Park 160
Crataegus monogyna 'Stricta' Fastigiate thorn Europe, N. Africa, W. Asia Glamorgan Champion 2004 Hawthorn group, mid ST 17591 77389 2732‡ Bute Park 153
Crataegus orientalis #1 Oriental thorn Asia Minor, Greece & Crimea Rather rare GB Champion 2013 Hawthorn group, north ST 17600 77432 2711‡ Bute Park 144
Crataegus orientalis #2 Oriental thorn Asia Minor, Greece & Crimea Rather rare Hawthorn group, south ST 17580 77403 2723‡ Bute Park 253
Crataegus orientalis #3 Oriental thorn Asia Minor, Greece & Crimea Rather rare Hawthorn group, north ST 17627 77393 2742‡ Bute Park 503
Crataegus orientalis var sanguinea† Oriental thorn Greece & Ukraine Rather rare Glamorgan Champion 2013 Hawthorn group, south ST 17637 77353 2767 Bute Park 163
Crataegus pentagyna Hawthorn South east Europe Very rare Hawthorn group. south, near path ST17606 77357 2756‡ Bute Park  
Crataegus persimilis 'Prunifolia' #1 Cherry leaved hawthorn East North America Wales Champion 2013 Hawthorn group, mid ST 17598 77371 2746 Bute Park  
Crataegus persimilis 'Prunifolia' #2 Cherry leaved hawthorn East North America Wales Champion 2004 Old Mans Wood, north ST 17759 76926 1989 Bute Park  
Crataegus phaenopyrum Washington thorn South east USA   Hawthorn group, north ST 17596 77403 2725 Bute Park 252
Crataegus pinnatifida var. major Large-leaved thorn North China Rather rare Hawthorn group, north ST 17578 77411 2721‡ Bute Park 250
Crataegus punctata Spotted thorn East North America   Hawthorn group, mid ST 17605 77389 2740‡ Bute Park 504
Crataegus spp #1 Hawthorn     Hawthorn group, mid ST 17609 77366   Bute Park  
Crataegus spp #2 Hawthorn     Hawthorn group, north ST 17581 77445 2708 Bute Park 376
Crataegus spp #3 Hawthorn     Hawthorn group, far north ST 17561 77464   Bute Park  
Crataegus tanacetifolia Tansy-leaved hawthorn South West Asia Rather rare Hawthorn group, south ST 17639 77377 2751‡ Bute Park 347
Crataegus x grignonensis Grignon's thorn Garden origin Rather rare Wales Champion 2004 Hawthorn group, mid ST 17616 77375 2747‡ Bute Park 159
Crataegus x lavallei 'Carrierei' #1† Hybrid cockspur thorn Garden origin   Hawthorn group, north east end ST 17586 77445   Bute Park  
Crataegus x lavallei 'Carrierei' #2† Hybrid cockspur thorn Garden origin Wales Champion 2004 Hawthorn group, north east end ST 17581 77419   Bute Park  
Crataegus x sinaica† Azarola thorn Middle East GB Champion 2013 Hawthorn group, mid ST 17614 77397 2741 Bute Park 155
Cupressus macrocarpa 'Donard Gold' Monterey cypress 'Donard Gold' USA Wales Champion 2004 Apple group ST 17774 77025 2375 Bute Park  
Davidia involucrata var. vilmoriniana Pocket-handkerchief tree Central China Wales Champion 2013 Camellia Garden ST 17616 77003 3127‡ Bute Park  
Fagus sylvatica Common beech Europe   Old Mans Wood south, west edge ST 17734 76758 2056 Bute Park  
Fraxinus americana 'Autumn Purple' White ash East North America   Blackweir playing field, east edge ST 17546 77468 2683 Bute Park  
Fraxinus excelsior 'Jaspidea'† Golden ash Europe & Caucasus Glamorgan Champion 2013 Southern woodland east, west by path ST 17836 76528 1788 Bute Park  
Fraxinus oxycarpa 'Raywood' Raywood ash S. Europe & N. Africa   Blackweir playing field, east edge ST 17547 77452 2682‡ Bute Park  
Ginkgo biloba Maidenhair tree China   Sunken Lawn, north east ST 17736 77084 2416 Bute Park  
Ginkgo biloba Maidenhair tree China   Ginkgo avenue, running north from the castle ST 17995 76737   Bute Park  
Ilex aquifolium 'Crispa' Curled holly Garden origin Rare GB Champion 2013 Blackweir playing fields, north east ST 17412 77827 3888‡ Bute Park  
Ilex aquifolium 'Flavescens' Moonlight holly Garden origin Wales Champion 2004 Blackweir woodland south, mid ST 17437 77359 2935 Bute Park  
Ilex perado Madeira holly Madeira   Blackweir playing fields, north east ST 17446 77802 3890 Bute Park  
Ilex x altaclerensis 'Nigrescens' Highclere holly Garden origin GB Champion 2013 Southern woodland east, west by path junction ST 17828 76566 1804‡ Bute Park  
Ilex x altaclerensis 'Nigrescens' Highclere holly Garden origin GB Champion 2013 North west of Blackfriars site ST 17749 76742 2019‡ Bute Park  
Juglans cinerea Butternut East North America Rather rare Wales Champion 2013 Coopers Field, north east of Blackfriars ST 17803 76777 2009 Bute Park  
Juglans nigra Black walnut East North America   Old Mans Wood east, towards north ST 17708 76863 3243‡ Bute Park  
Larix kaempferi 'Pendula' Weeping Japanese larch Japan Rare Blackweir woodland north ST 17241 77892 3876‡ Bute Park  
Magnolia campbellii Campbell's magnolia Himalaya & SW China   Apples group, east edge ST 17782 77013 2373 Bute Park  
Magnolia kobus Kobushi Japan Rather rare In woodland east of Camellia Garden ST 17658 76916 2346 Bute Park  
Magnolia tripetala Umbrella tree East USA Rare Wales Champion 2016 Southern woodland east, near Castle ST 17929 76533 1637§ Bute Park  
Magnolia tripetala Umbrella tree East USA Rare Wales Champion 2016 Southern woodland east, near Castle ST 17899 76487 1751§ Bute Park  
Malus baccata 'Jackii' Siberian crab 'Jackii' North east Asia   Apple group, south ST 17745 77052 2394 Bute Park  
Malus baccata 'Lutea' Siberian crab 'Lutea' North east Asia Glamorgan Champion 2004 Apple group, south ST 17772 77011 2372 Bute Park  
Malus 'Butterball' Crab apple 'Butterball' North America Glamorgan Champion 2005 Apple group, south ST 17766 77029 2376 Bute Park  
Malus 'Cheltenham' Cheltenham crab Garden origin GB Champion 2015 Apple group, south ST 17763 77021 2371 Bute Park  
Malus 'Chilko' Chilko crab Canada GB Champion 2013 Apple group, east by canal ST 17816 77057 1952 Bute Park  
Malus hupehensis Hupeh crab China Glamorgan Champion 2013 Apple group, mid by path ST 17780 77128 2429 Bute Park  
Malus scheideckeri 'Excellenz Theil' Excellenz Theil crab Garden origin GB Champion 2015 Apple group, west edge ST 17762 77035 2382 Bute Park  
Malus toringo Siebold's crab Japan Rather rare Apple group, east, by footpath ST 17798 77056 1951 Bute Park  
Malus 'Van Eseltine'   Garden origin Wales Champion 2016 Apple group, east, by footpath ST 17803 77051 1952‡ Bute Park 106
Malus x moerlandsii 'Liset' Liset crab apple Garden origin   Apple group, mid ST 17770 77048 2381 Bute Park 381
Malus x purpurea Purple crab Garden origin   Apple group, mid ST 17777 77047 2380 Bute Park  
Malus x purpurea 'Oporto' Oporto crab Garden origin GB Champion 2016 Apple group, mid ST 17777 77082 2409 Bute Park  
Malus x robusta Cherry crab Garden origin   Apple group, south   2399 Bute Park  
Malus x sublobata   Garden origin GB Champion 2013 Apple group, mid by path ST 17781 77115 2428 Bute Park  
Mespilus germanica Medlar S.E. Europe to Central Asia   Hawthorn group, north ST 17580 77382 2735 Bute Park  
Metasequoia glyptostroboides Dawn redwood Central China   Sunken Lawn, south ST 17752 76976 2310 Bute Park  
Ostrya carpinifolia Hop hornbeam South east Europe Wales Champion 2013 Middle of Sorbus group ST 17676 77233 2617 Bute Park  
Paulownia tomentosa Foxglove tree China GB Champion 2013 Old Mans Wood east ST 76852 17655 2196 Bute Park  
Phellodendron chinense Chinese cork tree Central China Rare GB Champion 2013 Camellia Garden, north ST 17621 76973 3120‡ Bute Park  
Podocarpus macrophyllus var. maki Kusamaki Chine & Japan Rare Wales Champion 2015 Old Mans Wood east, north edge ST 17705 76894 2302 Bute Park 231
Populus yunnanensis Yunnan poplar SW China Rare GB Champion 2013 Southern woodland west, north by river ST 17734 76618 3259 Bute Park 441
Prunus campanulata Bell-flowered cherry Japan GB Champion 2013 Alder group, north ST 17615 77097 2488 Bute Park  
Prunus 'Fudan-zakura' Cherry 'Fudan-zakura' Garden origin Rare Cherry group, south west ST 17633 77053   Bute Park  
Prunus 'Hokusai' Cherry 'Hokusai' Garden origin Becoming rare GB Champion 2013 Old Mans Wood east, east edge ST 17769 76835 2249 Bute Park  
Prunus padus 'Watereri' Waterer's bird cherry Europe   Southern Woodland East ST 17911 76498 1764 Bute Park  
Prunus 'Sunset boulevard' Cherry 'Sunset boulevard' Garden origin GB Champion 2013 Cherry group, south ST 17694 77084 2438‡ Bute Park 697
Prunus x fontanesiana†   Southern Europe GB Champion 2013 Old Mans Wood west, north ST 17680 76789 2080 Bute Park 39
Prunus x yedoensis 'Perpendens' Weeping Yoshino cherry Garden origin   Cherry group, south west ST 17625 77048 2444 Bute Park  
Prunus 'Yedo Zakura' Cherry 'Yedo Zakura' Garden origin GB Champion 2005 Cherry group, mid ST 17698 77121 2535‡ Bute Park  
Pterocarya fraxinifolia Caucasian wingnut Caucasus Wales Champion 2015 Coopers Field, north east by canal ST 17874 76881 1911 Bute Park  
Pterocarya x rehderiana Hybrid wingnut Garden origin GB Champion 2013 Millenium Bridge ST 17635 76794 3337 Bute Park  
Pyrus nivalis Snow pear Southern Europe Wales Champion 2013 Sorbus group ST 17679 77243 2618 Bute Park  
Quercus cerris #1 Turkey oak S. Europe & Asia Minor Glamorgan Champion 2016 North end Coopers Field ST 17810 76949   Bute Park  
Quercus cerris #2 Turkey oak S. Europe & Asia Minor   South edge of sunken lawn ST 17698 76947 2327 Bute Park  
Quercus cerris 'Marmor star' Marmor Star Turkey oak Garden origin GB Champion 2013 Apple group, south, by canal ST 17825 76992 1971 Bute Park 108
Quercus durifolia Durango Emory oak Mexico GB Champion 2013 Maple Lawn, centre ST 17504 77319 2987‡ Bute Park 318
Quercus robur 'Salicifolia' Willow-leaf English oak Garden origin GB Champion 2013 Camellia Garden, east ST 17637 76946 3926‡ Bute Park  
Sequoiadendron giganteum Wellingtonia California   Blackweir woodland north ST 17194 77913 3815 Bute Park  
Sorbus alnifolia Alder-leaved whitebeam East Asia   Sorbus group ST 17678 77260 2625 Bute Park 267
Sorbus aucuparia 'Cardinal Royal' Cardinal Royal mountain ash Europe, West Asia GB Champion 2013 Sorbus group, east by path ST 17693 77256 2623 Bute Park 55
Sorbus torminalis Wild service tree Europe, Asia Minor & North Africa Wales Champion 2004 Small lawn NE of walled garden ST 17606 77322 2675 Bute Park  
Sorbus 'Wilfrid Fox' Wilfrid Fox whitebeam Garden origin Wales Champion 2015 Blackweir woodland south, mid ST 17430 77379 2930 Bute Park  
Tilia maximowicziana Maximowiczi's lime North Japan Wales Champion 2013 Mews woodland, west, by canal ST 17940 76786 1616‡ Bute Park  
Tilia platyphyllos 'Laciniata' Cut-leaved lime Europe Rather rare Wales Champion 2015 Southern woodland east by Castle ST 17963 76533 1722 Bute Park  
Tilia tomentosa 'Chelsea Sentinel' Chinese sentinel lime   GB Champion 2013 Old Mans Wood east, north ST 17723 76888 2262 Bute Park 40
Ulmus 'Lobel' Lobel elm Research origin Wales Champion 2013 Sunken Lawn, south ST 17740 76957 2312 Bute Park 349
Ulmus pumila 'Aurescens' Golden Siberian elm North Asia Just two known GB Champion 2013 Coopers Field, east by canal ST 17890 76851 1907‡ Bute Park  

The history of Bute Park