Crataegus crus-galli at Bute Park

Crataegus crus-galli 3

Crataegus crus-galli in flower
late May 2017

Crataegus crus-galli 1

Crataegus crus-galli in fruit
early September 2016

Crataegus crus-galli 2

Crataegus crus-galli
mid October 2016

Grid reference ST 17582 77430
Common name Cockspur thorn
Origin NE North America
Deciduous Yes
Status Rather rare
Status Wales Champion 2016
Tag 2716
Missing old tag 374
Height 4.5M August 2016
Girth 57cm @ 0.6M August 2016
Reference 458

This tree is located in the northerly section of the Hawthorn group, roughly midway between the foot path and canal path. It is most recognisable by its abundant and formidable thorns. Thorns were measured and were approximately 8cm long.

The following table gives the approximate physical measurements of examined haws together with the number of pips found within them.

Diameter mm Length mm No. of pips
8.5 10.0 3
8.7 11.0 3
8.8 10.0 2
8.3 11.2 2
8.0 10.3 2

Measurements were taken in late October 2017.

Crataegus crus-galli bark

Crataegus crus-galli bark
early June 2016

Crataegus crus-galli thorn

Crataegus crus-galli thorns
early June 2016

Crataegus crus-galli thorn2

Crataegus crus-galli thorns
mid October 2020

Crataegus crus-galli leaf

Crataegus crus-galli leaves
late May 2017

Crataegus crus-galli flower2

Crataegus crus-galli flower
late May 2017

Crataegus crus-galli flower

Crataegus crus-galli flowers
late May 2017

Crataegus crus-galli fruit

Crataegus crus-galli fruit
early August 2016

Crataegus crus-galli foliage2

Crataegus crus-galli foliage
late August 2016

Crataegus crus-galli fruit2

Crataegus crus-galli fruit
late August 2016

Crataegus crus-galli fruit3

Crataegus crus-galli fruit
early September 2016

Crataegus crus-galli fruit4

Crataegus crus-galli fruit
early October 2016

Crataegus crus-galli leaf2

Crataegus crus-galli leaves
mid October 2016

General tree description

Crataegus crus-galli is a small tree, up to 6 metres tall, with a spreading shape. It has greyish, finely cracked bark and sharp thorns up to 8cm long. The leaves are bright green, glossy, hairless and also up to 8cm long. In autumn they turn orange. There are clusters of creamy white flowers in early summer. The fruits are glossy scarlet red haws that remain on the tree well into winter.