Cathays Cemetery, originally known as New Cemetery, occupies land between Fairoak Road, Whitchurch Road and Allensbank Road. (The Old Cemetery was Adamsdown Burial Ground which closed in 1877, and is now Cemetery Park.)
The 30 acres of arable farmland from which the New Cemetery was formed were purchased on the 7th March 1859 from Wyndham William Lewis of the Heath Estate, at a cost of £4,500. The ground was laid out and chapels built during that year. The general engineering works including roads and approaches were superintended by Mr Thomas Waring and the cemetery was consecrated 28th October 1859 by the Bishop of Llandaff.